Pregnant women with anemia can lead to miscarriage, placenta praevia, placental placenta, hypertensive pregnancy, pre-eclampsia, premature rupture of membranes, postpartum haemorrhage, puerperal infection.
Doctor Do Thi Ngoc Diep, Director of the HCM City Nutrition Center said: By monitoring the nutritional status of pregnant women in HCMC, anemia and micronutrient deficiency are currently the leading threat to health. healthy mother and fetus.
According to Dr. Ngoc Diep, the study of HCM City Nutrition Center shows that the rate of anemia in pregnant women is 17.5%, of which iron deficiency anemia accounts for nearly 60%. The rate of iodine deficiency in pregnant women is 72.8%, zinc deficiency is 34.6%. Micronutrients essential to the overall development of the fetus are also lacking in pregnant women.
Dangerous for both mother and child
Anemia in pregnant women can cause severe consequences for both mother and child. This is the reason that can lead to miscarriage, placenta praevia, placental placenta, gestational hypertension, pre-eclampsia, premature rupture of membranes, postpartum haemorrhage, postpartum infection. The fetus is susceptible to low birth weight, preterm birth, fetal distress, prolonged resuscitation period, increased birth rates and morbidity compared to children without anemia.
Mothers with anemia early in pregnancy also put children at risk of cardiovascular disease. Pregnant women alone lack folic acid can cause fetal neural tube defects such as skullless, spinal double spines. Iodine deficiency increases the risk of miscarriage, obstetric complications such as premature birth, congenital hypothyroidism, mental retardation.
The main cause of anemia and micronutrient deficiency in pregnant women is that the diet does not provide sufficient demand. The survey by the HCMC Nutrition Center shows that: The amount of iron and folic acid in the diet of pregnant women in the study group is only about 40% of the recommended demand. Iron needs of pregnant women need more to provide pregnancy, so iron deficiency anemia is more common. Women who are malnourished before pregnancy also cause anemia more …
“Along with a survey by the HCM City Nutrition Center, another survey by the National Institute of Nutrition has shown in recent years that nearly 37% of pregnant women in Vietnam have anemia. .. “, BS. Ngoc Diep said.
The mother is blind knowledge
According to BS. Ngoc Diep: Many women who are pregnant for the second time are still “blind”, do not know what kind of food is good for blood? While this is very simple because the dish that provides micronutrients and blood is not too expensive.
Doctor Ngoc Diep shared her experience: To control iron deficiency and micronutrient anemia during pregnancy, women need to improve their knowledge, actively seek, process and have a diet to meet their needs. energy demand, nutrients. Pregnant women should also take iron and folic acid supplements, take control of intestinal parasite infection and malaria.
Iron is abundant in meat, fish, liver, eggs, beans, green vegetables. Iron from animal-derived foods will better absorb iron from plant sources. Using fermented foods (pickles, pickles …) with meals or using fresh fruits rich in vitamin C such as oranges, grapefruit, apples, riots, pineapples …. after meals will help steaming Better iron collection. Iron absorption inhibitors are found in coarse grains, tea. Foods rich in folic acid are green leafy vegetables, liver, kidneys, mushrooms, wheat germs, beans, nuts; Fruit especially orange, strawberry, pear, watermelon. Folic acid in natural foods is not as high in biological value as folic acid in supplements.